Need for Sedation Dentistry
In general, most of the people are scared to visit a dentist and this fear of the dentist is referred to as dental anxiety. Dental anxiety is not suitable for patients who have to undergo treatment which could be either surgery or just general check-up. When patients exhibit these symptoms of discomfort, sedation dentistry comes into play to calm the nerves and fears of the patient prior to a surgical procedure.
Sedation dentistry can be simply defined as the use of pharmacological agents to calm the nerves and fear of a patient before a surgery is performed or to further relax a patient during an ongoing surgery. The pharmacological agents used are popularly known as sedatives. These sedatives could also be abused; therefore its application must be carried out in the right place by the right personnel only. This is where a good dental clinic comes into play. These sedative dental clinics have experience in the field of sedation dentistry
The dentists at these dental clinics are well qualified in the area of sedation dentistry and due to years of practice, they have become experts in all matters pertaining to sedation dentistry. Every patient has unique needs and ways of showing nervousness, therefore the level at which sedatives have to be administered differ from one patient’s condition to another. The degree of anxiety shown by the patient corresponds to the level of sedation he or she is given, below is an explanatory list.
– Minimal Sedation:
This is applied to a patient, who shows very mild levels of anxiety prompting the use of little quantity or weaker sedatives. When a sedative is administered, the patient still responds to both verbal and physical stimulation.
– Moderate Sedation:
Moderate sedation is also applied on patients, who show a low-level of anxiety and when the sedative is used, patients can respond to purposeful stimulation.
– Deep Sedation:
When the anxiety and fear shown by a patient can lead to the inflicting harm to themselves as well as disrupting the surgery process, deep sedation is employed.
When a deep sedative is given, the patient becomes unconscious and unable to react to any form of stimulation.
The application of sedatives into patient’s blood stream is usually done by two methods; the absorption of the sedative agent through swallowing, mucosa, oral cavity or inserted through the rectum, while the other is through inhalation, intravenous, intramuscular and sub mucosal absorption.
As stated above, sedation is administered by professionals and it is carried out only when the situation demands. The patient is first ushered into the consulting room, examined and explained about different processes he or she would need to go through to resolve the problem. If surgery is required, the patients’ level of anxiety is noted by the dentist, who then informs the patient about sedation dentistry procedures to relax his or her nervous system before the surgery is carried out.
The benefits of applying sedative dentistry include:
– To help patients relax during surgery.
– To control the movement of the patient and increase comfort levels.
– To interfere with the patients’ ability to remember treatment procedures.